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As temperatures rise during the summer, it is important to take the proper precautions to prevent heat-related illnesses, including heat exhaustion and heat stroke. People ages 65 and older, individuals with pre-existing conditions, and children under 2 years old are most at risk in hot weather.
Below are tips for you and those in your care to stay safe during the hottest times of the year:
- Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water, even if you don’t feel thirsty.
- Stay in an air-conditioned environment. Do not rely on fans to cool you down.
- Limit outdoor activity and exercise, especially during the hottest times of day. Avoid going outside between 11 am and 3 pm.
- Wear loose, lightweight clothing. You should also wear a hat to protect yourself from the sun.
- Always wear sunscreen. A sunburn impacts the body’s ability to cool itself.
- Avoid using an oven or stove. These appliances will make your home hotter.
It is also important to know if you or someone else is experiencing heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Learn more about the symptoms:
- Muscle cramps
- Fatigue, weakness or exhaustion
- Headache, dizziness or fainting
- Nausea or vomiting
- Rapid pulse
Those feeling heat exhaustion symptoms should rest in a cool place (preferably an air-conditioned environment) and drink cool fluids, especially water. Seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or persist longer than one hour.
- Body temperature above 103°F
- Red, hot and dry skin
- No sweating, even if it is hot
If someone is suffering from a heat stroke, seek emergency assistance immediately.